武汉男人夜生活网：Experts Commemorating the 75th Anniversary of Victory in the War of Resistance Against Japan： Improving hard and soft power is fundamental
Experts Commemorating the 75th Anniversary of Victory in the War of Resistance Against Japan: Improving hard and soft power is fundamental
People’s Daily Online, Beijing, August 17th (Huang Zijuan, Mo Shiwei) 75 years ago,Smoke billows from the land of China.August 15, 1945,The Emperor of Japan officially accepted the “Potsdam Proclamation” to the National Broadcasting Corporation of Japan,Declared an unconditional surrender.After 14 years of bloody battles, the Chinese sons and daughters,Won the victory in the War of Resistance Against Japan.
75 years later,China is gradually getting rid of its weak image of being bullied,Use hard work and wisdom to build a new China,Stride towards prosperity and well-off.however,In the current turbulent international situation,This war should not be forgotten.What is the meaning of victory in the Anti-Japanese War?right now,What enlightenment did the victory of the Anti-Japanese War bring us?Regarding the issue above,People’s Daily Online interviewed military expert Xu Yan,He said,The biggest revelation from today’s review of the Anti-Japanese War is thatThe Chinese nation wants to rise,Both hard power and soft power must be improved.
About the identification of victory anniversary
Xu Yan first clarified the meaning of different dates for the victory anniversary of the War of Resistance Against Japan.In the traditional sense,Both August 15 and September 2 can be regarded as the days of victory in the War of Resistance.On August 15th, the Emperor of Japan issued an edict to accept the “Potsdam Proclamation”,On September 2, the Japanese representative signed the “Missouri” and surrendered.But why did China set the anniversary on September 3?
Xu Yan explained,Japan chose August 15 as the anniversary of the end of the war,On the same day, the Emperor of Japan issued an edict to accept the “Potsdam Proclamation”,Japan believes that the end of the war is marked by the edict issued by the emperor.Actually,The victory of the war was won by the Chinese people and the anti-fascist allies in the world.and,On August 15th, the Emperor of Japan only gave a radio speech.Did not sign a formal agreement,The battle even continues,Japan’s actual surrender was on September 2.therefore,August 15th was only the day when the Emperor of Japan admitted defeat,Japan’s real and official surrender was September 2.
September 3, 1945,The National Government at that time ordered the whole nation to celebrate for 3 days,In 1946, September 3 was regarded as the anniversary of the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan.Year 2014,The seventh meeting of the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National People’s Congress passed resolutions in the form of national legislation.The 3rd of each year is designated as the “Remembrance of the Victory of the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japan”.
Two great consciousnesses laid the foundation for new China
From the “September 18 Incident” in 1931, Japanese imperialism began to invade China,By 1937, the “Lugou Bridge Incident” sounded the clarion call for the entire Chinese nation to fight against Japan.Finally to the victory in 1945,China’s war of resistance has left a strong mark in the history of the world’s anti-fascist war.
Xu Yan believes,The victory of the Anti-Japanese War saved China from the crisis of subjugation,Greatly improved the national self-confidence of the Chinese nation,But the significance of the War of Resistance is not only to defeat Japanese imperialism,It also laid an important foundation for the establishment of a new China.The victory of the Anti-Japanese War greatly improved the Chinese people’s two consciousnesses-the consciousness of national awakening and the consciousness of democratic thinking.Relying on the improvement of the consciousness of the people across the country,Only four years after the victory of the Anti-Japanese War,New China was established.
Simultaneously,The victory of the Anti-Japanese War also enhanced China’s international status.But Xu Yan believes that this cannot be over-interpreted.Because after victory,The Kuomintang government is still a vassal of the United States,The nature of China’s semi-colonial and semi-feudal society has not changed,Until the founding of New China,The history of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society has come to an end.
Hard power and soft power are crucial
Today, looking back at the 14-year history of the Chinese nation’s arduous Anti-Japanese War,What experience and inspiration can we get from it?Xu Yan believes,The most fundamental thing is an old saying,”If you fall behind, you will be beaten.Only through development can we be self-reliant.”
75 years ago,Japan surrendered,However, Japan’s invasion of China had already begun before the war of resistance.Xu Yan mentioned,After the Meiji Restoration,Japan has kept up with the second wave of world development-industrialization,And China is still a backward agricultural country,The contest between China and Japan is a contest between modern industrialized society and traditional agricultural society.So Japan dared to invade China.
In Xu Yan’s view,Today to commemorate the victory of the War of Resistance against Japan,There are two main points to consider: One is to enhance the soft power of our country,That is, the national spirit, the spirit of unity of the whole people and the organizational ability under the leadership of the Communist Party,Under the rule of the Kuomintang,China is a dish of loose sand,No organizational skills; on the other hand,The country needs to improve its hard power,During World War II,Japan can produce the world’s most advanced type zero fighter,The world’s largest tonnage battleship,And a large number of aircraft carriers,At that time, China couldn’t even make mortars.
Xu Yan mentioned,The biggest revelation we have gained from reviewing the history 75 years ago today is thatThe Chinese nation wants to rise,Work hard on both sides,on the one hand,Soft power must continue to increase,Don’t forget your original intention,Not forgetting the spirit of struggle back then,Promote patriotism and the united fighting will under the leadership of the Communist Party,And improve the effective organizational capacity of the government; on the other hand,Enhance hard power,Including the country’s economic and technological strength,This is the most fundamental.