：Expert interpretation： Why does China not participate in the so-called China-US-Russia trilateral arms control negotiations
Expert interpretation: Why does China not participate in the so-called “China-US-Russia trilateral arms control negotiations”
U.S. military nuclear bomb
People’s Daily Online, Beijing, August 28th (Huang Zijuan, Mo Shiwei) August 18th,The new round of arms control dialogue between the United States and Russia is over,No breakthrough progress was made in this meeting.US news site Axios reported,Billingsley, the US President’s Senior Special Envoy for Arms Control Affairs, said:The US’s position on the issue of China’s participation in arms control negotiations has changed.The US has given up asking China to join the current arms control negotiations.In this regard,Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian responded at the regular press conference on August 21, saying:China has no intention to participate in the so-called “China-US-Russia trilateral arms control negotiations.”This position is clear and consistent.
Why did the US ask China to join the arms control negotiations before?Regarding the US proposal,How did China respond?Will the US plan to bring China into the game be realized?Regarding the issue above,People’s Daily Online interviewed Xu Guangyu, senior consultant of the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association,He said,China has very good reasons for rejecting the US proposal.Our nuclear weapons pose no threat to all peace-loving countries in the world.
As early as March of this year,The United States issued a statement on the 50th anniversary of the entry into force of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), stating:We will propose a bold new trilateral arms control initiative with Russia and China.To avoid an expensive arms race,Work together to build a better, safer, and more prosperous future.
In this regard,Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian responded at the regular press conference on March 6, saying:China has repeatedly reiterated thatChina has no intention of participating in the so-called “China-US-Russia trilateral arms control negotiations.”This position is very clear.In terms of nuclear disarmament,The top priority is for the United States to respond to Russia’s call for the extension of the new Offensive Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.And further reduce its huge nuclear arsenal.This will create conditions for other nuclear-weapon states to join multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations.
Zhao Lijian said,China has always pursued a defensive national defense strategy,China’s nuclear power has always been maintained at the lowest level required for national security.This is not in the same order of magnitude as the huge nuclear arsenals of the United States and Russia.China adheres to the path of peaceful development,In the past, there was no and will not participate in any form of arms race.
recently,Foreign media reported thatThe US’s position on the issue of China’s participation in arms control negotiations has changed.The US has given up asking China to join the current arms control negotiations.The goal now is to first reach an agreement with Russia on the extension of the new START treaty.Then put pressure on China,Request China to join a new round of negotiations,Finally reached a new arms control agreement.
In response to this statement,Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian responded again at the regular press conference on August 21:China has no intention to participate in the so-called “China-US-Russia trilateral arms control negotiations.”This position is clear and consistent.The new START treaty is the only important bilateral nuclear disarmament arrangement between the United States and Russia.The survival of the treaty is not only related to the strategic security of the United States and Russia,It is also related to global strategic stability.China supports the United States and Russia to maintain dialogue on the new START treaty,Promote the smooth extension of the treaty,Promote international peace and security.
Zhao Lijian said,As a principle,The country with the largest nuclear arsenal is obliged to follow the consensus of the international community,Effectively fulfill the special and priority responsibilities of nuclear disarmament,Further drastically reduce nuclear arsenals,Create conditions for other nuclear-weapon states to participate in multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations.
“China has very good reasons for rejecting the U.S. proposal.”Xu Guangyu said in an interview with People’s Daily Online.First of all,China’s nuclear weapons pose no threat.For countries that use nuclear weapons to deter us,Or have bad intentions,May attack our country,Our nuclear weapons are capable of nuclear deterrence; for non-nuclear countries and countries that have nuclear weapons but do not use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against us,Our nuclear weapons are “non-threatening”,The Chinese government has made a clear commitment not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against these countries.therefore,The first basis for China’s rejection of the US proposal is thatOur country poses no threat to all peace-loving countries in the world.
Secondly,This meeting was originally a bilateral nuclear arms control negotiation between the United States and Russia.The United States and Russia have been talking for many years,Now suddenly let the Chinese join,This does not make sense logically.Moreover, bilateral negotiations have not yet developed to the point of multilateral negotiations.
July 8, 2020Fu Cong, Director of the Arms Control Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, emphasized at a briefing for Chinese and foreign media thatChina’s non-participation in the so-called “China-US-Russia trilateral arms control negotiations” does not mean that China refuses to participate in international nuclear disarmament efforts.China has been actively advocating nuclear disarmament in the United Nations and the Geneva Conference on Disarmament,It also advocated the five nuclear powers to discuss nuclear policies and strategies.China is also pushing the five nuclear-weapon states to reiterate the concept of “nuclear wars cannot be won and cannot be fought.”
Fu Cong said,China stands ready to discuss all issues involving strategic stability and nuclear risk reduction within the framework of the five nuclear-weapon states that China, Russia, the United States, the United Kingdom and France participate in.
Currently,China has completed all legal procedures for joining the Arms Trade Treaty.Fu Cong said,This proves once again that China is committed to combating illegal arms trafficking.Firmly safeguard multilateralism and international arms control mechanisms,It is another practical measure to implement the concept of building a community with a shared future for mankind.
Xu Guangyu believes thatIn the field of arms control,Including nuclear arms control, chemical and biological weapons,And the control of conventional weapons,China has always upheld a peaceful, active and responsible attitude.