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Prostate is a unique male gonadal organ. It has both internal and external secretion functions. It occupies the strategic position of male reproductive and urinary system and can control the “situation” of male health. Therefore, the prostate is also known as the “life gland” of men. Many male friends may have trouble with prostate diseases, such as prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis, and even prostate cancer. Prostatitis may have little impact on the human body after treatment, but if it is prostate cancer, the situation is not optimistic. Often when talking about prostate, may be related to “sex”, and its position is more special, when people talk about it, may be more shy, cover up. Especially when it appears some abnormal symptoms, many people are also ashamed to mention it, and will not take the initiative to go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment. But for the treatment of diseases, especially cancer, early detection and early treatment can save the lives of patients! At the 26th National Cancer Prevention and control week, family doctors invited Li Rong, deputy director of tumor center and director of general oncology department of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Southern Medical University, to take you to learn more about prostate cancer. Cannot do without first tier cities incidence rate of prostate cancer? “Prostate cancer is not the incidence rate of cancer in China at present, but it can not be underestimated. In recent years, its incidence rate has shown an increasing trend, especially in the first tier cities such as North, upper, broad and deep, the number of prostate cancer is increasing rapidly.” Incidence rate incidence rate incidence rate of prostate cancer is 120/100000, the highest incidence rate of cancer in China is 70/100000. In China, the mortality rate of prostate cancer is higher than that of these countries, Li Rong said. Because of the low prevalence of early screening and diagnosis of prostate cancer in China, many patients are diagnosed as prostate cancer in the late stage and miss the best opportunity for treatment. The incidence rate of prostate cancer is so high, what are the causes of prostate cancer? Li Rong director pointed out that the causes of prostate cancer are more clear at present: 1. age factor. Prostate cancer is an elderly disease. The older you are, the higher the risk of prostate cancer is. It is the result of gradual deterioration and malignant transformation of the body. Because prostate cancer is an inert tumor, it does not develop as fast as liver cancer and pancreatic cancer. In foreign countries, the high incidence age of prostate cancer is around 70 years old, while in China it is after 60 years old. 2. Lifestyle and habits. The formation of cancer is not in a day and night. Bad living habits and eating habits, such as eating a lot of high-fat and high calorie food, smoking, drinking and so on, these factors continue to accumulate, which will also lead to the occurrence of prostate. 3. Androgen level. Prostate cancer is a hormone dependent and hormone sensitive tumor. The incidence rate is related to the level of hormone. The incidence rate of androgen is higher in Nordic and black people. 4. Other factors, such as obesity, irregular sexual life, suffering from basic diseases, etc. Obese men with a body mass index of 30 or higher and men who have excessive sex have a higher risk of prostate cancer. In addition, if they have underlying diseases, such as chronic prostatitis, director Li Rong pointed out that one third of cancers are related to chronic inflammation, which changes from quantitative to qualitative after long-term stimulation, leading to cancer. Experts remind: prostate cancer early symptoms are easy to be confused, early screening is very important On the early symptoms of prostate cancer, director Li Rong said that the early symptoms of prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia are similar, there will be lower urinary tract symptoms, such as dysuria, frequent urination, urgency, pain, and dripping urine. In fact, these symptoms are also symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Many patients with prostate cancer will think that this is only benign prostatic hyperplasia, without excessive retention Therefore, the best treatment opportunity was missed. In fact, at present, to find cancer in the early stage, mainly rely on medical screening. As mentioned earlier, the mortality rate of prostate cancer in China is relatively high, and at the time of diagnosis, 60% of patients are in advanced stage. However, prostate cancer can be found at an early stage in Europe and the United States, which is mainly related to an important indicator, prostate specific antigen (PSA), which is very helpful for the diagnosis of early and asymptomatic prostate cancer. It is generally believed that the serum total PSA value of 0-4.0ng/ml is the normal range, the total PSA & gt; 4.0ng/ml is abnormal, and the risk of prostate cancer above 10NG / ml is very high. “In our country, the elderly rarely have the habit of physical examination and PSA examination. In fact, it is still very recommended that elderly men, especially those over 60 years old, should have regular physical examination, and also do a PSA examination during physical examination. I have encountered patients whose values have reached more than 1000ng / ml in the outpatient department, and they have even failed to measure them, exceeding the upper limit of measurement. ” Director Li Rong reminded that in addition to PSA testing and prostate cancer screening, the two most common examination methods can also be used, namely digital rectal examination and transrectal ultrasound examination of the prostate, which are currently recognized as the best method for early detection of prostate cancer. What are the treatment methods of prostate cancer? For advanced patients, endocrine therapy is the main way. After being found with prostate cancer, choose

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